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Created attachment 2612 [details]
Minimal code example
Compiling and running attached code gives an IndexOutOfRangeException. when compiling with the -checked+ flag this doesn't happen. This is the expected result.
Also moving the addition out of the square brackets to a seperate statement (using 2 extra variables) or adding a try catch statement around the assignment will make sure all addressing to the array succeed.
Sorry, Forgot to mention compiler version. Tested it both with 18.104.22.168 as packaged in Debian Sid and with a fresh build from the 2.11.4 tgz from the download page.
Just tested, and the generated CIL binary does run on windows, so more likely to be a problem in the virtual machine.
I cannot reproduce the issue on x86 running mono master. What architecture are you running this on.
running on amd64 (x86_64)
Confirmed present on amd64 using Mono 22.214.171.124. The only difference between the CIL images is that "add.ovf" is used in place of "add" in the checked version, which hints at a JIT-compiler bug regarding the "add" opcode.
The code blows during the second iteration.
Studying the AOT compiled code, it looks like the compiler decided to use 64 bit registers r13 and r14 for the loop variables:
103b: 49 be 9c ff ff ff ff mov $0xffffffffffffff9c,%r14
1042: ff ff ff
1045: e9 66 00 00 00 jmpq 10b0 <Bugged_Main_string__+0xa0>
104a: 48 8d 64 24 00 lea 0x0(%rsp),%rsp
104f: 90 nop
1050: 49 bd 9c ff ff ff ff mov $0xffffffffffffff9c,%r13
1057: ff ff ff
[... more code using 64 bit r13/r14 omitted here ...]
However in the loop increment and condition check, it's using 32 bit arithmetic:
10a4: 41 ff c5 inc %r13d
10a7: 41 83 fd 64 cmp $0x64,%r13d
10ab: 7c b3 jl 1060 <Bugged_Main_string__+0x50>
10ad: 41 ff c6 inc %r14d
10b0: 41 83 fe 64 cmp $0x64,%r14d
10b4: 7c 9a jl 1050 <Bugged_Main_string__+0x40>
Due to the nature of x86-64 architecture, the 32 bit increment will clear the top 32 bits of the register, so on the second iteration r13 will contain 0x00000000ffffff9d. In 32 bit arithmetic that correctly evaluates as -99, so the loop condition (which is checked using 32 bit instruction) is true. However the loop body uses 64 bit arithmetic, where this value evaluates to 4294967197 and that generates the exception.
I hope this helps somebody.
Fixed in master/2.10 branch.