Bug 6125 - OSX Lion, syslog call does not send message to syslog
Summary: OSX Lion, syslog call does not send message to syslog
Status: RESOLVED INVALID
Alias: None
Product: Runtime
Classification: Mono
Component: Interop ()
Version: unspecified
Hardware: PC Mac OS
: --- normal
Target Milestone: ---
Assignee: Bugzilla
URL:
Depends on:
Blocks:
 
Reported: 2012-07-14 12:35 UTC by Attila Tamás Zimler
Modified: 2012-07-16 17:47 UTC (History)
3 users (show)

Tags:
Is this bug a regression?: ---
Last known good build:


Attachments
Test program for sending all level log entries with direct and Mono calls to syslog (562 bytes, application/octet-stream)
2012-07-14 13:18 UTC, Attila Tamás Zimler
Details


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Status:
RESOLVED INVALID

Description Attila Tamás Zimler 2012-07-14 12:35:09 UTC
Call to Syscall.syslog does not write any message to the given log file on OSX Lion.

Mono Runtime:
	Mono 2.10.9 (tarball Mon May  7 20:25:51 EDT 2012)
	GTK 2.24.10
	GTK# (2.12.0.0)
	Package version: 210090011

Relevant line in /etc/syslog.conf:
*.*<TAB>/var/log/debug.log

After the modification syslogd was restarted with:
killall -HUP syslog

The code that is supposed to write to the log file:
using Mono.Unix.Native;

namespace Syslog
{
	class MainClass
	{
		public static void Main(string[] args)
		{
			Syscall.syslog(SyslogLevel.LOG_DEBUG, "Test message for logging from BackupTool!");
		}
	}
}

However no entries are written into the log.
Comment 1 Attila Tamás Zimler 2012-07-14 12:36:48 UTC
sorry for the typo, the restart command is correctly:
killall -HUP syslogd

(The correct command was given on the command line, just the error report has the typo.)
Comment 2 Attila Tamás Zimler 2012-07-14 13:17:13 UTC
Additional investigation shows that it seems that on OSX Lion only message level 5 (LOG_NOTICE) and above are valid (for testing, see the attached test program).
Comment 3 Attila Tamás Zimler 2012-07-14 13:18:43 UTC
Created attachment 2196 [details]
Test program for sending all level log entries with direct and Mono calls to syslog
Comment 4 Jonathan Pryor 2012-07-16 15:34:56 UTC
This isn't a Mono binding bug, this is an OS X configuration "bug"/issue (as the same thing will happen in C, as seen by your manual P/Invoke); see:

http://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/13484/messages-issued-by-syslog-not-showing-up-in-system-logs

If you want LOG_NOTICE messages to be logged in syslog, you need to edit /etc/syslog.conf and add an entry for *.debug. See also:

https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/#documentation/Darwin/Reference/Manpages/man5/syslog.conf.5.html#//apple_ref/doc/man/5/syslog.conf
Comment 5 Attila Tamás Zimler 2012-07-16 15:48:53 UTC
Even writing *.debug does not log the LOG_DEBUG information (just checked it again). Is there any other condition that should be met?

And I know that this is happening with C, because I checked it with DllImport (even there with LOG_DEBUG and *.debug it is ignored).

However there is one more issue related to the problem (and this is the main reason for reporting the error):
- In C you use integers for defining the interval accepted with the syslog function.
- In Mono, you use the SyslogLevel enumeration, which suggests that all value of the enumeration is valid (however as indicated two of them is invalid in this context). I think at least some warning should occure if this is really an OS problem.
Comment 6 Jonathan Pryor 2012-07-16 17:47:42 UTC
> Is there any other condition that should be met?

I don't know. :-(

As for integers vs. enumerations, the enumerations are hand-written against the POSIX standard. SyslogLevel.LOG_NOTICE exists because POSIX defines it, as does syslog(3) on OS X. It's a valid value. OS X just happens to ignore it, but it is a valid POSIX value.

I'm not sure how/where "some warning" should even work. OS support for syslog values is inherently OS specific, and there's no way for the C# compiler to warn that a given value isn't supported. MonoPosixHelper could presumably generate an LOG_ERROR message if you generate a LOG_NOTICE message on OS X, but that sounds wrong/bad, and afaik there's no way to check at runtime if a given log level will be ignored or not.

In short, this is an OS configuration issue, outside the bounds of Mono.Posix.dll.